18. Espresso Coffee Machine is one of the most important elements in coffee shops.


The espresso coffee machines have different types of the coffee equipment. And they have a long developing history. With the different espresso machines, we need to match for the suitable coffee portafilter. We make sure to learn more about their knowledge of each coffee portafilter and how many types of coffee machines we need to know IVYKIN will provide good service and good quality coffee tools. Wish we are able to establish our partnership in the future.


Espresso machines must be prepared in the coffee shops. 

The coffee equipment is a normal appearance in the coffee world. 

As a new baristas, we need to learn more about the knowledge of coffee machines. 

And different coffee machines will have different coffee accessories and different modes. 

Would you know the origin of coffee machines and how many types of coffee machines are?

coffee machine

1. The origin of the espresso coffee machine

One of the precursors of the first machine for making espresso was built and patented by Angelo Moriondo of Turin, Italy, who demonstrated a working example at the Turin General Exposition of 1884. 

He was granted patent no. 33/256 dated 16 May 1884 (according to the “Bollettino delle privative industriali del Regno d’Italia”, 2nd Series, Volume 15, Year 1884, pages 635 – 655). 

A certificate of industrial title was awarded to Mr. Angelo Moriondo, of Turin, for an invention called “New steam machinery for the economic and instantaneous confection of coffee beverage, method ‘A. Moriondo’, Plate CXL”. In 1901, Luigi Bezzera of Milan patented improvements to the machine. 

Bezzera was not an engineer, but a mechanic. 

He patented a number of improvements to the existing machine, the first of which was applied for on 19 December 1901. 

It was titled “Innovations in the machinery to prepare and immediately serve coffee beverage” (Patent No. 153/94, 61707, granted on 5 June 1902). 

In 1905 the patent was bought by Desiderio Pavoni who founded the La Pavoni company and began to produce the machine commercially (one a day) in a small workshop in Via Parini in Milan

In 1933 Hungarian-Italian Francesco Illy invented the first automatic coffee equipment that substituted pressurized water for steam. Valletta became the predecessor of today’s espresso machine.

2. How many types of coffee machines?

First, piston-driven

The piston-driven or lever-driven, machine was developed in Italy in 1945 by Achille Gaggia, founder of espresso machine manufacturer Gaggia.

Second, steam-driven

A steam-driven unit operates by forcing water through the coffee by using steam or steam pressure. 

The first espresso machines were steam types, produced when a common boiler was piped to four group heads so that multiple types of coffee could be made at the same time.

Third, pump-driven

A refinement of the piston machine is the pump-driven machine, which was introduced in the Faema E61 in 1961, and has become the most popular design in commercial espresso bars

Fourth, Single Boiler (SB)

These machines can brew only, and not steam, requiring only a single boiler. 

They are relatively uncommon, with steam wands being a simple and valued addition.

Fifth, Air-pump-driven

These machines use compressed air to force the hot water through the coffee grounds. 


3. IVYKIN and espresso coffee machine of the portafilter

Our brand is IVYKIN. 

And we will provide the portafilter in 51mm, 53mm, 54mm, 57mm, or 58mm. 

The 58mm portafilter is most useful in coffee accessories. 

Our normal portafilter is E61. 

And another portafilter is useful in LA MAZACO, Breville, Nova and so on. 

We will provide the design service for the coffee portafilter. 

If you have any interesting portafilter as your requirement, please feel free to contact us.

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