coffee bean

9. Six main varieties of coffee beans have positive growth in Colombia

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The coffee bean is a main topic in the top coffee world. We often chat about the origin of the coffee bean. And today, we will talk about six main varieties of coffee beans in Colombia and their background.

Caturra coffee bean

Caturra is a natural variation of the Bourbon species, also known as Pygmy Bourbon because of its dwarf size.

Colombia was first introduced in 1952 and was widely accepted in the 1960s.

It is now the most widely planted variety in Colombia, close to 45% of Colombia’s coffee cultivation.

coffee bean

Typica coffee bean

Typica is the first coffee planted in Colombia.

Its flavor characteristics have obvious fruit and floral notes.

It once occupied the first position in Colombian coffee planting.

It was gradually replaced by Caturra in the 1970s, and it still occupies first place in Colombia. As much as 25% of coffee is grown.

Colombian coffee bean

The history of Colombian coffee cultivation is not long (beginning in 1982).

It is the result of the hybridization of Caturra and Timm varieties.

It was researched and released by the Colombian research laboratory Cenicafe.

It has the characteristics of prolific yield and resistance to leaf rust.

Generally, it has a clear caramel and chocolate sweetness.

Cenicafe 1 coffee bean

Cenicafe 1 is a new varietal coffee based on the Caturra species that has high expectations, both in terms of flavor and resistance to leaf rust and coffee berry disease.

Judging from the current actual planting effect, it also has a good flavor performance, which is easily reminiscent of some of the honey and hazelnut flavor characteristics of Caturra.

Castillo and Tabi coffee bean

The two varieties, Castillo and Tabi, are also pest-resistant coffees from the Cenicafe laboratory.

They are the latest coffee varieties developed by the laboratory.

Take Tabi, for example, a hybrid of Typica, Bourbon, and Tim coffees, first released in 2002, and characterized by tall, long-branched plants.

Tabi is the language of the Colombian Guambiano tribe and means excellent quality.

Colombian coffee in the new season

Process Pink Bourbon Variety Coffee

Colombian Red Pomegranate Estate Double Anaerobic Honey Processed Pink Bourbon Variety Coffee Beans

Origin: La Esmeralad, Acevedo, Huila, Colombia

Beans: Pink Bourbon

Processing plant: Finca La Granada Farm

Altitude: 1600-1700 meters

Processing method: Double Anaerobic Honey Process

Picking processing time: 2019/2020

Baking degree: Light

There are many background stories of this coffee, which can be said to be a microcosm of the social changes in Latin America.

In 1990, when the Colombian market opened its doors to the international community, a variety of domestic products had to start competing in the market with cheap imports, and domestic producers across the country were hit hard. 

While there is some significant leverage in agriculture, namely the National Federation of Coffee Growers’ commitment to buy coffee, the situation has also been exceptionally dire for coffee farmers since the collapse of the Coffee Agreement in 1989, had a hard time. 

From 1989 to the present, due to the instability of the coffee commodity index (new commodity index) traded on the New York Stock Exchange, small and medium-sized coffee farmers have gradually gone bankrupt.

Mr. Don Gabriel Castaño has been through this situation and, like many other Colombians, has embraced coca leaf production as an alternative means of subsistence.

However, coca leaf cultivation and production often carry enormous risks, both financially and personally.

Don Gabriel Castaño decided to leave the coca leaf field and devote himself to coffee.

IVYKIN is one of the manufacturers of coffee tools in China. We wish our knowledge will help many people to know more about the coffee world. They are not simple and bored. If you have any interesting items of coffee accessories, please feel free to contact us.

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